Intimate partner violence IPV is domestic violence by a current or former spouse or partner in an intimate relationship against the other spouse or partner. The most extreme form of such violence may be termed battering , intimate terrorism , coercive controlling violence , or simply coercive control , in which one person is violent and controlling; this is generally perpetrated by men against women, and is the most likely of the types to require medical services and the use of a women's shelter. The most common but less injurious form of intimate partner violence is situational couple violence also known as situational violence , which is conducted by individuals of both genders nearly equally,    and is more likely to occur among younger couples, including adolescents see teen dating violence and those of college age. Intimate partner violence occurs between two people in an intimate relationship. It may occur between heterosexual or homosexual couples and victims can be male or female. Couples may be dating, cohabiting or married and violence can occur in or outside of the home. Studies in the s showed that both men and women could be abusers or victims of domestic violence.