Reinhold Schlegelmilch produced what collectors consider to be R. Following the war, the factory moved to Tillowitz, Germany, and after World War II the factory once again shifted venue, this time to Poland. Prussia pieces were and continue to be highly valued, though individual pieces may be more or less expensive depending on a number of factors. Throughout its history, the R. Prussia company manufactured a wide range of china pieces and sets, including teapots, cups and saucers, plates, sugar bowls, and even chocolate sets. Most pieces were decorated with imitation opals, gold, or iridescent finishes and feature paintings of flowers, portraits, or scenes from nature which were applied through lithographic transfers. Later pitchers and vases pieces, influenced by Art Nouveau, had arms and handles with designs similar to the borders on posters by Alphonse Mucha.
This mark without France and Limoges in block letters dates to the s. The first similar red decorating shield mark appears to have been used in the s. A number of different marks were used by Buffalo Potterymost featuring an American bison somewhere in the logo, and all indicating the date the piece was made.
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Buffalo made both semi-vitreous and vitreous wares, and some pieces indicated the type in the mark. Deldare pieces have their own unique marks identifying pieces as part of this line. Oftentimes these pieces will bear another mark such as "Catalina Pottery U. Note : These pieces should not be confused with those made by the original Catalina Island Pottery Co.
Those are most often marked "Catalina" or "Catalina Island" incised into the bottom of the pieces. Catalina Island pieces are more highly prized by collectors and bring higher prices than those marked "Catalina Pottery. The earliest Capodimonte wares were unmarked.
This is the first fleur de lis mark used by the Royal Factory in Naples, Italy stamped in either blue or gold. Beginning inCapodimonte began using the crown over the Neopolitan N mark. This mark was used through the early s when the Royal Factory closed.
Other companies began manufacturing porcelain in the Capodimonte tradition after Some of these pieces are marked with other company names or foil stickers in addition to a stamped variation of the crown over the Neopolitan N mark. This is the second fleur de lis mark used by the Royal Factory in Naples, Italy stamped in either blue or gold. The earliest Capodimonte marks were variations of the fleur de lis. Other marks by companies who carried on the Capodimonte tradition since also contain some variation of the crown over N mark, but the one shown here was the only mark used by the original Capodimonte factory in Italy from the late s through the early s some sources indicate a closing date ofothers purport Mark as shown, known by collectors and dealers as Mark 3, was used ca.
Star mark without the words "Limoges" and "France" above and below was used prior to Mark with "Made in France" above star used to s.
The Coiffe factory made many porcelain blanks decorated by other companies so many times an accompanying mark will identify the decorating factory. Coiffe blanks were also exported to the United States for use by both novice and professional china painters at the turn of the last century. Mark used on majolica, ironstone, semiporcelain and white granite. Mark used c. Astute collectors confirm authenticity prior to investing in a pricey item purportedly made by Fulper.
This "sunburst" mark is one of several used by Gebruder Heubach on bisque porcelain dolls, piano babies, and other figurines. This particular mark is sometimes very faintly incised into the porcelain with the sunburst being the most recognizable attribute and the H and G lettering barely legible. The same mark can also be found ink stamped on the bottom of some piano babies and figurines as well.
The mark shown here was found on a piano baby figurine. Heubach on their character dolls as well.
These marks, along with the sunburst mark, are usually located on the back of the neck on dolls. This is one of the most commonly found Grueby Pottery marks.
The "HB" mark was first used on pieces made by the Hubaudiere-Bousquet factory in Quimper, France in the mids, and has had many incarnations. Subtle differences in these marks can lend to more accurately dating this type of pottery, according to information provided on the Old Quimper website.
The HB Quimper mark with dashes and dots beneath as shown above was employed from the late s up to This mark dates from to Later pieces were made with marks that appeared on original factory pieces when they were reissued through This mark was used by the Jules Henriot factory in Quimper, France known for making faience pottery.
The style made by Henriot and that of other potteries from this area is generically referred to as "Quimper" by collectors.
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Henriot used a number of different marks beginning inwith "HR" being the first. From to the factory used the "HR Quimper" mark. The example shown above was used from about toaccording to the Old Quimper website.
Mark used by Hull Pottery during the s to advertise the prevalence of the company's popular art pottery lines during that period. This is the current mark for the English Chippendale pattern. This mark was used on china hard-paste porcelain ca. Straub who was a New York porcelain importer.
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Black Beauty denotes the name of a popular chintz dinnerware pattern. Mark of decorating factory Lazeyras, Rosenfeld and Lehman circa s found overglaze on Limoges whiteware blanks. Poppy Trail denotes the Metlox pattern name. The same basic mark was used with a number of different patterns made by Metlox, with just the pattern name changing as applicable. Additional Note from Anastacia Gibbs: "Many of the original Metlox marks which look similar to this one and are authentic are smeared.
We have many pieces with this mark that belonged to my husband's parents and they were purchased here in California when the factory was still active. This company began as Muncie Clay Products Company in Muncie, a small company, only employed 20 people at the height of their production, according to research compiled by author Jack D. The company was reorganized and renamed Muncie Potteries inand eventually ceased operation in While some Muncie pieces are not signed, those bearing the company's name are marked as shown here.
The "N" within "C" mark is most often associated with Newcomb. Newcomb College Pottery was made by women students at Newcomb College incorporating local materials and decor inspired by Louisiana's flora and fauna in the Arts and Crafts tradition.
A number of marks are usually found on each piece including a registration mark and the initials of the woman who decorated the piece. This is referenced as the Kunstkeramik Paul Dachsel mark.
Pottery designer Paul Dachsel used this mark when he started his own business after leaving the original Amphora factory. This mark was used on pottery made by his firm from approximately through The PD mark can be found alone on the base of a piece, with an Amphora or Wahliss mark, or the Kunstkeramik mark shown above.
Porcelain importer mark used ca. Often used in conjunction with the L. Hutschenreuther manufacturer's mark. This is one of many marks used by Rosenthal on various lines. This style of the mark, with Germany beneath Rosenthal, was first used in the mids and continued through Various nuances to the mark can help narrow the date to a specific year.
Beginning ina flame was added around the reverse RP logo each year to mark the date. InRoman numerals began dating the pieces. Many talented artists worked for Rookwood Pottery, and a number of pieces are marked on the base with an artist's cipher their name or initials in addition to the reverse RP logo.
Some pieces were also marked with a letter: "P" indicates soft porcelain; "S" indicates a special piece; "Z" refers to matte glaze; "V" indicates Vellum glaze, and trial pieces were marked "T". Roseville is often more easily dated by identifying the line and researching the corresponding year of production rather than relying solely on the style of the mark.
A number of marks were used by this manufacturer, most including the initials FM, a crown, and the word Bonn. Some show a date of "," which refers to earlier Bonn pottery manufacturers, rather than the date a piece was made.
Note : This particular example is partially stamped so the words "Royal" above the crown and "Bonn" below the crest are barely legible, nor is the "" under the FM in the center of the mark readable. Royal Doulton used dating systems with a number of their marks. Here the small "12" next to the mark shown is added to to arrive at a production date.
This mark is specific to the Old Balloon Seller figurine produced by Royal Doulton between and Older and newer versions of this piece were made.
Founded by Reinhold Schlegelmilch in what is now Suhl, Germany, R.S. Prussia produced ornate and floral porcelain objects for export beginning in the late s. While many different marks were used on R. S. Prussia pieces through World War I, two of the most recognized from this period were the green wreath mark with "R.S. Prussia" in red. The Marks of R.S. Prussia. Not all Prussia pieces are marked and up to 50of pieces may not be marked. Because fakes and replicas or reproductions abound, it is extremely important to be knowledgeable of the Prussia marks, molds, and transfers in determining authenticity. R.S. Prussia pieces were and continue to be highly valued, though individual pieces may be more or less expensive depending on a number of factors. About the R.S. Prussia Company Throughout its history, the R.S. Prussia company manufactured a wide range of china pieces and sets, including teapots, cups and saucers, plates, sugar bowls, and even.
It had a very long production run to 98 and is therefore readily available. This mark is often referred to as the "red" mark by dealers and collectors of R. Prussia porcelain. Some well done fake marks can be very similar, so examining details closely is imperative when in question.
A similar circular mark with the words "Grimwades England" inside the Royal Winton logo was used by this company on chintz dinnerware from the mids through Since this mark was used on figurines produced for 70 years, the style must be examined to determine the age.
Sometimes seen with a Germany circle mark in addition to the crown mark. There are many variations of these marks.
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They produced many pieces of whiteware that were decorated elsewhere and decorated porcelain as well. Some references show Tressemanes spelling vs. Teco pottery was introduced in By the line included more than designs. Teco is thought to have been produced at least until the mids. Many pieces were made with matte green glaze, some with a metallic black overglaze, but other colors such as brown, yellow, blue, pink and maroon were also made. These items are considered to be part of the arts and crafts movement and are highly regarded by art pottery enthusiasts.
Prussia 3rd Series and 4th Series published by Collector Books. For this article, however, we are focusing only on the RS marks shown in Fig. Although some one-of-a-kind presentation pieces and heavier hotel ware were made by all Schlegelmilch factories, the vast majority of production was lightweight high quality porcelain for use on middle class tables.
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The primary market for this porcelain was in the swelling population of late 19th and early 20th century America where most of the RS porcelain was sold. The Suhl factories fortunes rose and fell with the American economy, trade tariffs and tastes.
The vast majority of original decorations- whether portraits, flowers, landscapes, animals, birds- were transfers decals. Handwork, if used, was primarily to blend the edges of the transfer images into the background and apply gold or enamel trim. All transfer decorations are over the glaze.
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Distinctive blanks featured molded designs of flowers, fruits, icicles and geometric shapes. Values of authentic pieces are based on a combination of blank, decoration and mark. Most original marks were applied fairly late in the production process. They are protected by only a light glazing and are subject to wear. The basic authentic RS marks, the so-called wreath marks, and when they were used are shown in Fig.
Keep in mind there are many other authentic marks. These four are featured because they are the ones being copied and forged. Many authentic marks include additional words and symbols. For a complete listing, refer to the Gaston series. Fake and Forged Marks Not all original RS porcelain is marked and there are tremendous price differences between marked and unmarked examples.
A marked piece will bring five to ten times the amount of an unmarked piece.
Even when a piece is a known RS blank with a known RS decoration, if it is unmarked it brings far less. This wide price difference has lead to the widespread forging, copying and reproduction of marks. There are several categories of new marks. There are: 1 new marks on old but unmarked genuine RS pieces; 2 new marks on old porcelain from other manufacturers; 3 new marks on various kinds of new porcelain; and, 4 mass produced reproductions with close copies of old marks applied at the reproduction factory.
The first three groups are generally small scale do-it-yourself home projects or hired out to china studios or "restoration" artists. By far the largest source of new items are reproduction wholesalers who import thousands of pieces with confusing marks that resemble originals.
Individually applied fake and forged marks have been around since the late s. Mass produced reproductions with RS marks followed in the early s.
Twelve marks dating from to the present are shown in this article. These new marks are shown as broad examples of the wide variety of new marks you may encounter. Rather than try and memorize all the new marks, concentrate on learning the basic features of the authentic marks. Once you understand the key elements of an original, you should be able to catch most fakes and forgeries.
Subtle differences in these marks can lend to more accurately dating this type of pottery, according to information provided on the Old Quimper website. The HB Quimper mark with dashes and dots beneath (as shown above) was employed from the late s up to R.S. Prussia. The Spruce / Pamela Wiggins. Ca. s to Dating rs prussia marks. Bishopsgate: 21 sep , no chips, this article. Enjoy tea for rs prussia porcelain pieces may be r. Prussia. Death date: 21 sep , Enjoy tea for information for i need dating girl prussia red hour glass shade. Official history dating meissen, germany. It is a bottom red hour glass mark date was founded by. Rare blanks with rare decorations, such as animals or portraits, of RS Prussia can bring $3,$8, More common floral pieces have routinely sold for $$ Other sought after marks include RS Germany, RS Suhl, and RS Poland. Due to it's higher value, the RS Prussia mark has been forged and copied since the late s.
New marks applied to reproductions in overseas factories usually appear technically similar to old marks because both old and new were applied at the time of manufacture. The major exception seems t. A rtifact C ollectors. Those may interest you: Is this teacup and saucer authentic RS Prussia?
I found it in a thrift stor