It is the easternmost outpost of the Polynesian island world. It is famous for its giant stone statues. The island stands in isolation 1, miles 1, kilometres east of Pitcairn Island and 2, miles west of Chile. Forming a triangle 14 miles long by seven miles wide, it has an area of 63 square miles square kilometres ; its highest point, Mount Terevaka, is 1, feet metres above sea level. Its mixed population is predominantly of Polynesian descent; almost all live in the village of Hanga Roa on the sheltered west coast.
The coast is formed by soft, eroded, ashy cliffs, with a vertical drop of about to 1, feet; the cliffs are intercepted by long stretches of lowhard, and rugged lava formations.
Notable among the few small offshore islets are Motu-Nui, Motu-Iti, and Motu-Kaokao which figured in a local bird cult near the southwest cape. The only true sand beach is at Anakena; most other beaches are of gravel.
Caves abound, many consisting of subterranean rooms joined by narrow tunnels extending far into the lava beds. The climate is subtropical: i. Average annual precipitation is about 49 inches 1, millimetres but with considerable annual variation.
Hidden Secrets of Easter Island
September is the driest month, and the heaviest rainfall occurs in June and July in accordance with the passage of austral winter fronts.
Winds in June and August are irregular; during the rest of the year trade winds from the east and southeast are dominant.
Indigenous plants and animals are few. At the time of European arrival the toromiro tree, endemic to the island, was the only wild tree and the Carolina wolfberry the only wild shrub, the vegetation being predominantly herbaceous.
The toromiro tree was overexploited by the island wood carvers, and the last local specimen died in the s. The species was saved from extinctionhowever; the Norwegian Archaeological Expedition collected seeds and planted them in the Gothenburg Botanical Garden, and saplings from the garden were reintroduced to Easter Island in Analysis of pollen deposits has revealed that other trees and shrubs, among them the giant Chile palm Jubaea spectabiliswere formerly present on the island until exterminated by extensive fires occurring at the time of aboriginal human settlement.
Today only 31 wild flowering plants, 14 ferns, and 14 mosses are reported.
Grass and small ferns dominate the barren landscape, whereas the boggy crater lakes are thickly covered by two imported American species, the totora reed an important building material and Polygonum acuminatum a medicinal plant. A number of cultivated species of plants were also introduced partly from America and partly from Polynesia before the arrival of Europeans; of these the principal species was the sweet potatowhich was cultivated in extensive plantations and formed the staple diet.
Bottle gourds, sugarcane, bananas, taro, yams, and two useful trees i. Before the arrival of human beings, the only vertebrates were either fish or seabirds capable of long flights.
The animal life on land was otherwise restricted to a very few species of isopods an order of crustaceansspiders, insects, worms, a snail, and a centipede. Vast quantities of flies, large cockroaches, and a small scorpion were introduced recently.
A small, long-legged chicken reported to have laid blue eggs was introduced in pre-European times but later interbred with European varieties.
The aboriginal edible Polynesian rat was subsequently replaced by larger European species. Sheep, horses, cattle, and pigs were introduced by the missionaries who established themselves ashore in Sheep were especially numerous for almost a century after foreign ranchers began commercial ranching in ; sheep ranching came to an end in the mids, but cattle ranching was enhanced.
Polynesians reached easter island had researchers dating of rapa nui's mysterious stone heads are known to the exact date, the history of their purpose? Evaluating rapa nui, or moai are thought to. Mingle2 is called, also known as rapa nui, time in a tiny rock in silence but . The dates of Easter Island are currently in flux in that the traditional dates have been challenged, so two different sets of dates must be given. The dates from the island depend on radiocarbon dating. The first, and now the traditional dates were given in a remarkable book "Easter Island, Earth Island" by the British archaeologist Paul Bahn and the New Zealand botanist John Flenley, first published in
A large wild cat, living in caves, is of unknown introduction. A Chilean partridge, a quail, and a small hawk have been added to the wildlife since Make tie dye shirts with Project Lighthouse, jump and climb on numerous bouncy castles, see street performers, and more.
Come out to Denton Bronco Stadium this Friday 7!!!!!! As the Knights take on the Bronco, wear Hawaii themed clothes!!!
Easter Island, Spanish Isla de Pascua, also called Rapa Nui, Chilean dependency in the eastern Pacific Ocean. It is the easternmost outpost of the Polynesian island world. It is famous for its giant stone statues. The island stands in isolation 1, miles (1, kilometres) east of Pitcairn Island and 2, miles west of Chile. Dating; AdChoices. Easter Island Heads Mystery Solved? Hannah Osborne. 10/10/ Plan to open shops all day on Sunday as unemployment grows. Slave trader . Well moai is a type of rock carving found on Easter Island in Polynesia, dating back to the year They are monolithic creations, with the faces of deified ancestors; the oversized heads are the largest feature of the figures.
This is not meant to be a formal definition of like most terms we define on Dictionary. Previous Word. Next Word.
Examples Origin Usage. Where does come from?
Who uses? However, it can also be used to imply strength, silence, and mystery.
Oct 16, Easter Island "heads" on the slope of Rano Raraku volcano. (Image credit: Image via Shutterstock) The famous carvings are massive, up to 40 feet (12 meters) tall and 75 tons in weight. Apr 24, Ahu Akivi is a sacred place on Easter Island, which has seven statues that all look out to see - they are the only statues on the entire island that look out to sea. Japan's Easter head statues weigh tonnes and stand at metres high. The dates from the island depend on radiocarbon dating. The first, and now the traditional dates were given in a remarkable book "Easter Island, Earth Island" by the British archaeologist Paul Bahn and the New Zealand botanist John Flenley, first published in These dates depended mostly on .
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