Marietta is located in southeastern Ohio at the mouth of the Muskingum River at its confluence with the Ohio River 11 miles northeast of Parkersburg, West Virginia. The population was 14, at the census. The private, nonsectarian liberal arts Marietta College is located here. It was a station on the Underground Railroad before the Civil War. Marietta is also the site of the prehistoric Marietta Earthworks , a Hopewell complex more than years old, whose Great Mound and other major monuments were preserved by the earliest settlers in parks such as the Mound Cemetery. According to the United States Census Bureau , the city has a total area of 8.
The Indians were unhappy to see white settlers moving into their territory. The latter immediately started construction of two forts: Campus Martiuswhose former site is now occupied by the museum of the same nameand Picketed Point Stockadeat the confluence of the Muskingum and Ohio rivers. At the same time, the settlers started developing their community, platted according to plans they had made in Boston. No colony in America was ever settled under such favorable auspices as that which has just commenced at the Muskingum.
If I was a young man, just preparing to begin the world, or if advanced in life and had a family to make provision for, I know of no country where I should rather fix my habitation The families of the settlers began arriving within a few months.
By the end ofpeople populated the area. Inthe United States signed the Treaty of Fort Harmar with several Indian tribes that occupied areas of the Northwest Territoryto settle issues related to trade, as well as the boundary between their lands and United States settlement.
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The US did not address the Indians' major grievance about American settlers moving into their lands, particularly in the Western Reservewhere there were disputes over land. Although Congress authorized Governor Arthur St. Clair to give land back to the Indians, he did not do so. Conflict increased as the Indians tried to push the settlers out. After years of warfare in the region, they were defeated. The US signed the Treaty of Greenville with the Indians, which secured the safety of settlers to leave the forts and develop their farms.
The settlers held services regularly and chartered the first church in The congregation constructed the first church building in The church, First Congregational Church United Church of Christ, is the longest continuously worshiping congregation west of the Alleghenies.
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Education was important to the settlers, many of whom had been officers during the Revolution. During that first winter, they began a basic school for the children at Campus Martius. Insettlers founded Muskingum Academy. The town had numerous abolitionistsand Ephraim Cutler was instrumental as a state delegate in at the state convention in swaying the vote for the state to be free of slavery.
Townspeople organized and chartered Marietta College in It was used as a station on the Underground Railroad to help slaves escape from the South. The settlers preserved the Great Mound, or Conus, by planning their own cemetery around it.
They also preserved the two largest platform mounds, which they called Capitolinus and Quadrophenus. The former was developed as the site for the city library.
Marietta's location on two major navigable rivers made it ideal for industry and commerce. Boat building was one of the early industries. Artisans built oceangoing vessels and sailed them downriver to the Mississippi and south to New Orleans and the Gulf of Mexico. In less than two decades after settlement, the steamboat had been developed, and was also constructed here. Brick factories and sawmills supplied materials for homes and public buildings.
An iron mill, along with several foundries, provided rails for the growing railroad industry; the Marietta Chair Factory made furniture.
Interest in the prehistoric culture that built the Marietta Earthworks continued. The complex was surveyed and drawn by Ephraim George Squier and Edwin Hamilton Daviswhose large project on numerous prehistoric mounds throughout the Ohio and Mississippi valleys was published by the Smithsonian Institution in as Ancient Monuments of the Mississippi Valley. It was the first book published by the Smithsonian.
Their drawing to the right shows the plan of the original complex, which "included a large square enclosure surrounding four flat-topped pyramidal mounds, another smaller square, and a circular enclosure with a large burial mound at its center.
This pathway was destroyed in during mid-nineteenth century development. In developers changed the Ohio state terminus to Marietta and changed the name of the railroad to the Marietta and Cincinnati Railroad that year.
The first through-train from Cincinnati ran on April 9, Inthe Ohio Valley Railroad was formed and for the next two years built tracks going north for miles. Their home office was in Marietta, with treasurer offices in Pittsburgh.
The Ohio Valley railroad was reorganized as the Marietta and Cleveland.
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The Pennsylvania Railroad in its expansion later purchased the railroad and its right-of-way between Marietta and Bellaire. Passengers traveling between Marietta and Parkersburg, Virginia now West Virginia had to take a steamboat for the 14 miles between the two towns and transfer.
Louis, Missouri. In the early 20th century, 24 passenger trains served Marietta each day, most of which ran on the PRR tracks. William P.
Inoil was first drilled in the Marietta region. Oil booms in and made investors rich, who constructed numerous lavish houses in town, of which many still stand.
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Inhe shared the Nobel Peace Prizebased on his work on the Dawes Plan and relieving an international crisis in related to German reparations after World War I. It provided the first free crossing of the Muskingum River. As transportation advanced along railroads and highways, Marietta was initially passed by. But, the Pennsylvania Railroad expanded in the late 19th century and had a station in Marietta, running 26 daily trains between Marietta and Pittsburgh.
After WWII passenger service decreased as the railroads restructured and the federal government invested in highway construction. The last rail passenger service ended in Marietta was relatively isolated from new travel routes untilwhen I was opened with close access to the city. Before the United States entered the Great War, a group of 23 young men went from Marietta College to serve in France in as an ambulance unit; four died in battle.
In - during the US celebration of the Northwest Territory, France gave a plaque to the city of Marietta, which was installed on the French monument, to commemorate these young men and their service.
Inthe Sons and Daughters of Pioneer Rivermen was established in Marietta during the Great Depression to celebrate the city's substantial river history and its people.
Two years later the Ohio River Museum was opened. Inthe museum campus was totally redesigned. The city of Marietta uses the mayor-council form of government. The mayor is a full-time position; the seven city council members and the city council president are all part-time positions. The President of Council The president of council presides over all regular and special meetings of the council although he has no vote therein except in case of a tie.
The president of council appoints all council members to the standing committees and is responsible for several city board and commission appointments as well as in charge of the records of city council.
The president of council oversees all the day-to-day operations of the clerk of council. The president of council serves as the liaison to the city administration.
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When the mayor is absent from the city or unable to perform his duties, the president of council shall become acting mayor and shall have the same powers and perform the same duties as the mayor. The president of council is elected to a two-year term.
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At-Large Councilmen Three at-large council members represent the entire city of Marietta. Duringpioneers to the Ohio Country established Marietta as the first permanent American settlement of the new United States in the Northwest Territory. Marietta is located in southeastern Ohio at the mouth of the Muskingum River at the confluence of the Ohio and Muskingum rivers.
The population was 14, at the census.
It is the second-largest by population of three principal cities of and included in the Parkersburg-Marietta-Vienna, West Virginia-Ohio part Metropolitan Statistical Area. BeverlyOhio.
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Marietta is located in southeastern Ohio at the mouth of the Muskingum River at the confluence of the Ohio and Muskingum rivers. The population was 14, at the census. It is the second-largest by population of three principal cities of and included in the Parkersburg-Marietta-Vienna, West Virginia-Ohio (part) Metropolitan Statistical Area. Marietta Tourism: keitaiplus.com has 7, reviews of Marietta Hotels, Attractions, and Restaurants making it your best Marietta resource.
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