Psychological aggression is the most prevalent form of aggression in dating relationships, with women perpetrating as much, if not more, psychological aggression than men. Researchers have advocated for an examination of the consequences that follow psychological aggression for the perpetrator, in hopes that this will lead to innovative intervention programs aimed at ameliorating dating violence. Participants endorsed numerous consequences as having followed their perpetration of psychological aggression, including both punishing and potentially reinforcing consequences. Furthermore, findings indicated that for some perpetrators, psychological aggression may function as a method of emotion regulation. Implications of these findings for future research and intervention are discussed. Psychological aggression is increasingly being recognized as a destructive and harmful behavior that occurs within intimate relationships Follingstad, Although numerous studies have examined potential causes of perpetration, research on the consequences that follow perpetrating psychological aggression is nonexistent.
See also: Child abuse. Main article: Workplace bullying. Coercion Destabilisation Dysfunctional family Economic abuse Emotional blackmail Guilt trip Isolation to facilitate abuse Mind games Moving the goalposts Parental alienation Poisonous pedagogy Psychological manipulation Psychological trauma Setting up to fail Silent treatment Victim playing. Summer Daniel eds. February The British Journal of Psychiatry. Archived from the original on 20 November Retrieved 8 November Retrieved 14 February North Carolina Medical Journal.
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Our results, that verbal-emotional aggression is more frequent in dating relationships than physical aggression, support previous research (e.g., Cascardi et al., , Jackson et al., , Jezl et al., ). Nevertheless, given that the use of verbal-emotional aggression was admitted by more than 90of the adolescents of both sexes, it is. Psychological abuse, often called emotional abuse, is a form of abuse, characterized by a person subjecting or exposing another person to behavior that may result in psychological trauma, including anxiety, chronic depression, or post-traumatic stress disorder. It is often associated with situations of power imbalance in abusive relationships, and may include bullying, gaslighting, and abuse Other names: Psychological violence, emotional abuse, mental abuse. Jan 18, In psychology, the term aggression refers to a range of behaviors that can result in both physical and psychological harm to yourself, others, or objects in the keitaiplus.com type of behavior centers on harming another person either physically or mentally. It can be a sign of an underlying mental health disorder, a substance use disorder, or a medical disorder.
Why does he do that? Inside the minds of angry and controlling men. Stalking the soul: emotional abuse and the erosion of identity. Helen Marx translator, from French ; Thomas Moore afterword. New York: Helen Marx Books. Springtide Resources. June Journal of Emotional Abuse.
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Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press. American Journal of Preventive Medicine. Journal of Interpersonal Violence. July Journal of Family Psychology. Dealing with sexual harassment: with focus on Santa Cruz, California. Archived from the original on 9 July Taken from: Dervin Flower, Hilary. Women's Crisis Support publication. Psychology, Science and Health. Retrieved 30 April Taken from: unknown 16 March American Psychological Association.
The Advocates for Human Rights. Retrieved 7 October Official Journal of the European Communities. International Labor Office. Archived from the original on 20 December Print version: Piotrkowski, Chaya S. August Prevention Science. September-October Gregory L. StuartPhD, is a professor of psychology at the University of Tennessee-Knoxville and the director of family violence research at Butler Hospital. His research focuses primarily on the comorbidity of intimate partner violence and substance abuse.
He is particularly interested in interventions that address both substance use and relationship aggression. Prior to her death, Dr. Deborah L.
Rhatigan provided invaluable theoretical and methodological assistance on this project. Her contribution to this project cannot be overstated. We are forever grateful for all that she did and miss her every day.
National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. J Interpers Violence. Author manuscript; available in PMC Oct 1. Shorey1 Jeff R. Sherman1 and Gregory L. Stuart 1.
Author information Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Corresponding Author: Ryan C. Copyright notice.
For all groups, peer aggression decreased from Grade 6 to 12; students in the HVHP group reported the highest peer aggression, and students in the LVLP reported the lowest peer aggression. Findings suggest a strong, reciprocal relationship in the developmental trajectories of adolescents who experience and perpetrate psychological dating violence. Predictors of cyber-aggression and psychological dating aggression. To date, few (if any) studies have directly attempted to analyze common and differential predictors of cyber and psychological aggression using longitudinal designs. The majority of studies have focused on specific risk factors for both phenomena keitaiplus.com: Noelia Munoz-Fernandez, Virginia Sanchez-Jimenez. Psychological aggression is increasingly being recognized as a destructive and harmful behavior that occurs within intimate relationships (Follingstad, ).Psychological aggression is the most common form of aggressive behavior across intimate relationships, including dating relationships (Shorey, Cornelius, & Bell, a).Theory (Bell & Naugle, ) and research (Bonem, Stanley-Kline Cited by:
The publisher's final edited version of this article is available at J Interpers Violence. See other articles in PMC that cite the published article. Abstract Psychological aggression is the most prevalent form of aggression in dating relationships, with women perpetrating as much, if not more, psychological aggression than men. Keywords: dating violence, psychological aggression, consequences, perpetration. Psychological Aggression in Dating Relationships Historically, the field of domestic violence research, including dating violence, has largely focused its attention on physical aggression Shorey et al.
Consequences of Dating Violence The vast majority of research on dating violence has been either atheoretical or followed a feminist or social learning theory model Shorey et al.
Current Study Due to psychological aggression being the most prevalent form of aggressive behavior in dating relationships, and the numerous negative consequences associated with being victimized by this type of aggression, the current study examined the consequences of perpetrating psychological aggression in a dating relationship in a sample of female college students.
Method Procedures Female college students were screened for eligibility through an online survey website used specifically by researchers at a large Southeastern university. Measures Psychological aggression Participants reported their perpetration of psychological aggression using the CTS2 Straus et al. Consequences of psychological aggression A measure of consequences of perpetrating psychological aggression was created specifically for the current study.
Open in a separate window. Discussion Within a sample of female college students, the current study examined the consequences of perpetrating psychological aggression against a dating partner. Prevention Programming Implications Although preliminary, results from the current study, in combination with previous research, may have potentially important implications for dating violence prevention programming. Limitations and Directions for Future Research The current study has a number of limitations that should be considered when interpreting its findings.
Footnotes Author's Note Prior to her death, Dr. Factors predicting dating violence perpetration among male and female college students. Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment and Trauma. Intimate partner violence theoretical considerations: Moving towards a contextual framework.
Clinical Psychology Review. A behavioral approach to understanding domestic violence: A functional assessment based on batterer identified contingencies. Family precursors, expected and actual consequences of dating aggression. Journal of Interpersonal Violence. Physical and psychological aggression in at-risk young couples: Stability and change in young adulthood.
Merrill-Palmer Quarterly. Primary and secondary prevention programs for dating violence: A review of the literature. Aggression and Violent Behavior. Self-reported communication variables and dating violence: Using Gottman's marital communication conceptualization. Journal of Family Violence.
Rethinking current approaches to psychological abuse: Conceptual and methodological issues.
What is Avoidant Personality Disorder?
A representative measure of psychological aggression and its severity. Violence and Victims. Sex differences in motivations and effects in dating violence. Family Relations. Physical and psychological partner aggression across a decade: A growth curve analysis.
Exploring the relationship between childhood maltreatment and intimate partner abuse: Gender differences in the mediating role of emotion dysregulation. The role of masculine ideology and masculine gender role stress in man's perpetration of relationship violence. Psychology of Men and Masculinity. Dating violence victimization, relationship satisfaction, mental health problems, and acceptability of violence: A comparison of men and women.
Psychological aggression is a widespread form of abuse in dating relationships, especially in collectivist societies with ties to patriarchal beliefs. Despite the prevalence of psychological aggression, it has seldom been studied in connection with known antecedents of interpersonal violence, includ Author: Esteban Eugenio Esquivel-Santovena, Rogelio Rodriguez-Hernandez, Marisela Gutierrez-Vega, Nemesio Ca. This study examined the relationships between personality and aggression using the general aggression (GAM, Anderson and Bushman Annual . Psychological aggression appears to be at least as important to adolescent well-being as physical aggression in dating relationships. In addition, it may be useful to consider how adolescents' interpret the intent of the aggression that they experience. Psychological aggression was related to symptoms of psychological distress after.
Is psychological aggression as detrimental that physical aggression? - keitaiplus.com effects of psychological aggression on depression and anxiety symptoms.
What will happen if I punch him? Expected consequences of female violence against male dating partners. Behavior modification: Principles and procedures. Wadsworth; Belmont, CA: Measuring emotional abuse in dating relationships as a multifactorial construct.
Psychological abuse: A variable deserving critical attention in domestic violence. Mental health symptoms among male victims or partner violence. American Journal of Men's Health.
Expected consequences of male violence against their female dating partners. A critical review of theoretical frameworks for dating violence: Comparing the dating and marital fields.
Behavior theory and dating violence: A framework for prevention programming. Trait anger as a mediator of difficulties with emotion regulation and female-perpetrated psychological aggression.
Psychological dating aggression
A descriptive investigation of proximal factors to female perpetrated psychological aggression in dating relationships. Partner Abuse. Motivations for self-defensive aggression in dating relationships. Dating violence victimization and alcohol problems: An examination of the stress-buffering hypothesis for perceived support.
Dating relational victimization also predicted depression/anxiety, but only for girls. Furthermore, girls who were perpetrators of relational aggression in both peer and dating contexts were most likely to show increases in delinquent behavior.
Gender differences in depression and anxiety among victims of intimate partner violence: The moderating effect of shame-proneness. Psychological distress among men experiencing physical and emotional abuse in heterosexual dating relationships.
Contextual factors surrounding conflict resolution while dating: Results from a national study. It can be a sign of an underlying mental health disorder, a substance use disorderor a medical disorder. Aggression can take a variety of forms, including:. While we often think of aggression as purely in physical forms such as hitting or pushing, psychological aggression can also be very damaging. Intimidating or verbally berating another person, for example, are examples of verbal, mental, and emotional aggression.
Aggression can serve a number of different purposes, including:. Psychologists distinguish between two different types of aggression:.
A number of different factors can influence the expression of aggression, including:. Ever wonder what your personality type means? Sign up to find out more in our Healthy Mind newsletter. Blair RJR.