Greetings Cards. The Union Jack is the popular name of the national flag of the United Kingdom. Two subjects that arouse passion more than most are language and national identity and, here in the UK, these collide at the name of the national flag. Spare a thought for my welfare as I wade gingerly into a muddy pond teeming with crocodiles with a particular taste for etymologists. What's the flag called? It's the Union Jack of course. Pause for an intake of breath amongst purists; "No, it's the Union Flag!
The Union Jack is often drawn incorrectly. The ellipse on the right shows a typical error, in which wrongly the cross of St Patrick abuts at a right-angle to the white edge of the cross of St George. In the version of the flag which is what you want unless you really know otherwise the four red parts of the cross of St Patrick should always be quadrilaterals.
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Two of the quadrilaterals have two sides parallel and two perpendicular; the other two have both pairs of non-adjacent sides parallel. The four red parts of the cross of St Patrick should not be pentagons or hexagons, although are often drawn that way. Another error, seen more frequently, is the hanging of the Union Jack upside down, of which there are examples in Upside-Down Union Jacks. If the flag is drawn 60 by 30 as in the top diagramthen the various parts have areas as follows. The red of the cross of St George is of area square units.
The blue of the cross of St Andrew is in eight pieces, four larger and four smaller. The British Army uses a version of the flag, which can be drawn by replacing each of the horizontal 25s in the diagram with 20 example at flagspot. This gives the appearance of a manufacturing error.
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The Flag Institute answers as follows:. It is often stated that the Union Flag should only be described as the Union Jack when flown in the bows of a warship, but this is a relatively recent idea.
From early in its life the Admiralty itself frequently referred to the flag as the Union Jack, whatever its use, and in an Admiralty Circular announced that Their Lordships had decided that either name could be used officially. Anyway, the Royal Navy disagreed with the Flag Institute:. This is the only occasion when it is correctly called the Union Jack, although it is generally known by this name through common usage.
The author enquired of the Royal Navy about this apparent disagreement, asking which of the Flag Institute and the Royal Navy is right? A jack is a sea flag, a small flag, generally rather square in its proportions, flown from a flagstaff rigged on the bowsprit or stem of the vessel. The jack was initially simply a particular instance of the Union Flag, but as the distinctive flag of warships it quickly became an exceptionally well-known instance.
Technically, all Union Jacks are Union Flags, but not vice versa. The Union Jack also appeared on both the - and - flags of South Africa. The - flag was a Red Ensign with the Union coat of arms in the fly. The - flag, based on the Prinsenvlag and commonly known as the oranje-blanje-blou orange-white-bluecontained the Union Jack as part of a central motif at par with the flags of the two Boer republics of the Orange Free State and Transvaal.
To keep any one of the three flags from having precedence, the Union Jack is spread horizontally from the Orange Free State flag towards the hoist; closest to the hoist, it is in the superior position but since it is reversed it does not precede the other flags. The flag of the Municipal Council of Shanghai International Settlement in contained multiple flags to symbolize the countries have participated in the creation and management of this enclave in the Chinese city of Shanghai.
The Union Jack was contained as part of top left hand shield and close to the flags of the United States and Francethere was also contained the flag of Prussiabut it was removed around The flag of the Chilean city of Coquimbo features the Union Jack, owing to its historical commercial links to Britain.
The flag of the Cook Islands. The flag of the Province of British ColumbiaCanada. The flag of the Province of ManitobaCanada. The flag of the Province of Newfoundland and LabradorCanada. The flag of the British Indian Ocean Territory.
The flag of Taunton, Massachusetts. The flag of Baton Rouge, Louisiana. The flag of CoquimboChile. The flag of British India - The flag of the United States of the Ionian Islands - The flag of the Tamatave Kingdom - The flag of the Cook Islands Federation - The flag of British Heligoland - The flag of Weihaiwei - The flag of British Trinidad and Tobago - The flag of Rhodesia - Oranje-blanje-blouor the flag of South Africa - The flag of Ceylon The flag of British Burma The flag of South Africa The flag of Dominion of Newfoundland The Flag of British Virgin Islands.
The Union Flag can be found in the canton of several of the ensigns flown by vessels and aircraft of the United Kingdom and its overseas territories. These are used in cases where it is illegal to fly the Union Flag, such as at sea from a ship other than a British warship.
Normal practice for British ships is to fly the White ensign Royal Navythe Red ensign Merchant and private boats or the Blue ensign government departments and public corporations. Similar ensigns are used by other countries such as New Zealand and Australia with the Union Flag in the canton. Other Commonwealth countries such as India and Jamaica may follow similar ensign etiquette as the UK, replacing the Union Flag with their own national flag.
Merchant Navy Red Ensign. British Civil Air Ensign. Ensign of the Northern Lighthouse Board. Royal Australian Navy Ensign. Royal Australian Air Force Ensign. Australian Civil Aviation Ensign. New Zealand Civil Air Ensign. Royal New Zealand Navy Ensign. Australian Civil Aviation Ensign Unofficial Van Diemen's Land Ensign. Royal Australian Air Force Ensign Government Service Ensign. The flag in a white border occasionally seen on merchant ships was sometimes referred to as the Pilot Jack.
It can be traced back to when it was created as a signal flag, but not intended as a civil jack. A book [ clarification needed ] issued to British consuls in states that the white bordered Union Flag is to be hoisted for a pilot. Although there was some ambiguity regarding the legality of it being flown for any other purpose on civilian vessels, its use as an ensign or jack was established well in advance of the Act that designated the Red Ensign for merchant shipping.
Inthe white-bordered Union Flag ceased to be the signal for a pilot, but references to it as national colours were not removed from the current Merchant Shipping Act and it was legally interpreted as a flag that could be flown on a merchant ship, as a jack if desired. This status was confirmed to an extent by the Merchant Shipping Registration, etc. Act and the consolidating Merchant Shipping Act which, in Section 4, Subsection 1, prohibits the use of any distinctive national colours or those used or resembling flags or pendants on Her Majesty's Ships, "except the Red Ensignthe Union flag commonly known as the Union Jack with a white border", and some other exceptions permitted elsewhere in the Acts.
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However, Section 2 regards the "British flag", and states that "The flag which every British ship is entitled to fly is the Red Ensign without any defacement or modification and, subject to a warrant from Her Majesty or from the Secretary of State, or an Order of Council from her Majesty regarding a defaced Red Ensignno other colours.
The HBC jack is no longer in use and replaced with a corporate flag featuring the company's coat of arms. The Union Jack is the third quarter of the coat of arms of Alabamawhich is used on the flag of the Governor of Alabama, representing British sovereignty over the state prior to The version used is the modern flag, whereas the flag would have been used in colonial Alabama. Then the badge is incorporated in their police flag.
Union JACK - Union JACK Radio is a silly national radio station celebrating the best music, comedy & people of Blighty. We're the home of Great British comedy, from classic clips to original stuff. Plus - you pick every song that plays on the Union JACK Radio. Union Jack Lovers Summary: (What is Union Jack Lovers?) The dating website "Unionjacklovers" is in the Sex Dating category. This site welcomes people with straight, gay and lesbian sexual orientation. Founded in , it is now 1 years old. The frontpage of the site contains naughty adult images/5(2). The Union Jack is flown from the jack-staff, which is a spar on the bow of a sailing ship, and some say that the only time that the flag should be called the Union Jack is when it is flown from a ship's jack-staff. If you like you can opt for uber-pedantry and call it the Union Jack Flag.
The Union Jack remains one of the most instantly-recognised flags in the world. This is chiefly due not only to its iconic and unusual design, but the influence of British culture across the globe as a result of the British Empireand its resulting presence in several Commonwealth nations' flags and heraldry.
Because of this historical withstanding, the Union Jack can serve as an imperial, patriotic or nationalist symbol, and can be seen as to associate militarismbesides serving as the de facto national flag of the United Kingdom. Winston Churchill wrote about the use of the Union Jack as a symbol connected to British nationalism and imperialism. In March the young Churchill wrote to his mother from India about her plans to produce a new trans-Atlantic magazine, to be called The Anglo-Saxon Review.
The Union Flag has been a prominent symbol in the sphere of fashion since the British Invasion movement of the s, in a similar manner to the American Stars and Stripes flagand came back into fashion in the mids ' Cool Britannia ' era, notably Spice Girl Geri Halliwell 's iconic Union Jack dress of the Brit Awards.
Commonly the Union Flag is used on computer software and Internet pages as an icon representing a choice of the English language where a choice among multiple languages may be presented to the user, though the American flag is also commonly used for this purpose.
The flag has been embroidered on various Reebok equipment as a mark of the brand's British origin, and the Reebok Union Jack has been referred to as a brand icon. The pennant flying on Britannia 's boat in this James Gillray cartoon is considerably different from the present flag.
A different style of the Union flag appears again in another cartoon by Gillray. The Commissioners' flag of the Northern Lighthouse Board continues to use the pre design in the canton. Rows of Union flags line each side of The Mall, London. The Union flag flying above Downing Street.
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The Union flag flying along the River Thames in London in Orangemen parading in BelfastNorthern Ireland. The colours on British airways parked at London Heathrow Airport. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
National flag of the United Kingdom. For other uses, see Union flag disambiguation and Union Jack disambiguation. Correct way to fly the flag. Incorrect way to fly the flag.
The Union Jack, or Union Flag, is the national flag of the United keitaiplus.com flag also has official status in Canada, by parliamentary resolution, where it is known as the Royal Union Flag. Additionally, it is used as an official flag in some of the smaller British overseas keitaiplus.com Union Flag also appears in the canton (upper flagstaff-side quarter) of the flags of several nations and Use: National flag. Union Jack definition: The Union Jack is the national flag of the United Kingdom. It consists of a blue | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples. Union Jack or Union Flag? A Brief History. When first introduced in , the 'Union Jack' was known simply as the 'British flag' or 'flag of Britain', and was ordered to be flown from the main masthead of all English and Scottish ships, warships and merchant ships.
War flag variant Proportions: Further information: List of countries and territories with the Union Jack displayed on their flag. The flag of New Zealand. The flag of Tuvalu. The flag of Fiji. The Queensland State flag. The flag of the Province of OntarioCanada. The flag of Bermuda. The flag of the Falkland Islands. The flag of Niue.
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The flag of British Cyprus - The flag of Singapore until The flag of Hong Kong until Upper Murray River Flag. Lower Murray River Flag. Combined Murray River Flag.
Flag of Victoria Main article: British ensigns. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. May Learn how and when to remove this template message. Royal Navy White Ensign. Royal Air Force Ensign. HM Coastguard Ensign. Isle of Man Red Ensign. Cayman Islands Red Ensign. Australian Civil Ensign. Royal Indian Navy Ensign. British Indian Army Ensign.
East India Company Ensign. Jersey Red Ensign. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. December United Kingdom portal Heraldry and vexillology portal. He stated that the theory that the flag should only be referred to as "Union Jack" when flown at sea was wrong. Archived from the original on 5 November Retrieved 3 December The Flag Institute. The British Monarchy. Archived from the original on 30 June Retrieved 12 August Queen's Printer for Canada. Archived from the original on 11 November Retrieved 19 December Retrieved 14 October Retrieved 2 May Retrieved 20 May UK Parliament.
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Which countries still have the Union Jack in their flags?
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The answer is complicated". South China Morning Post. SCMP Publishers. Retrieved 25 June United Empire Loyalists Association of Canada. Archived from the original on 23 September Retrieved 18 March UK Public General Acts. The National Archives. Retrieved 17 January Letter to Jeanette, Lady Randolph Churchill. Harper's Bazaar. Hello Magazine. Retrieved 3 February Tracking the Jack: a retracing of the Antipodes. Flags of Europe.